Streptococcus Agalactiae is also known as Group B streptococcus or GBS. It is native to the urogenital tract and rectum of females. It is one of the most common infections that can harm newborns in the Western part of the world. Streptococcus Agalactiae is very difficult to control and, therefore, early detection is very important to treat it effectively.
Who Is at Risk?
There are certain people who are at risk for having streptococcus agalactiae than others:
- Persons with immune deficiency (this may be caused by HIV or AIDS, or through decreases in the body?s defenses as a result of taking certain medications for conditions like cancer.
Streptococcus Agalactiae can have a wide range of symptoms especially in newborns. Newborns in the advanced stages of the infection have the following signs and symptoms:
Fever may be noticed in newborns. It can become very difficult to manage if the health care professionals do not identify the real cause of the fever.
Babies vomit all the time and, therefore, the incidence might be overlooked. Vomiting caused by streptococcus agalactiae look the same as the vomiting experienced by many babies especially when they are breastfed or given formula.
A lot of newborns tend to be irritable as they are simply seeking attention. Streptococcus agalactiae can cause more pronounced irritability.
Sepsis is an inflammation that affects the entire body due to an streptococcus agalactiae infection. The symptoms appear like an allergic reaction. This can be dangerous and may be accompanied by other symptoms of the disorder.
This is one of the adverse effects of the condition. The hearing loss is caused by an infection in the ear canals. Newborns may appear to have neurological disorder but upon closer examination, it is due to the presence of streptococcus. It must not be overlooked, but should be checked out especially if the mother has a likelihood of streptococcus agalactiae.
Streptococcus agalactiae can cause the sudden death of an infant. This is especially possible if the child has a weak immune system. If the disease is not detected early, there is a much greater risk of death in infants.
Adults are likely to experience any of the symptoms that a child experiences due to streptococcus agalactiae. The condition can cause severe damages to the organs of the body if it is left untreated. It can also result in other effects on the body that mimic the symptoms of other diseases. Elderly people are susceptible to the disorder if they do not take extra care with their hygiene.
Treatment for babies with the condition involves administering antibiotics to rid the body of the infection. Women are usually given an antibiotic before live birth to prevent it from developing once the birth process is complete. Adults who are infected may experience difficulty treating the infection as the presence of streptococcus agalactiae is an indication that the immune system is not functioning properly.